During the 2016 AADR/CADR Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, California, a panel discussion about Big Data in Dental Research and Dental Education took place thanks to the leadership of Dr. David Clark from the Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Branch at the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, on March 18, 2016. I was invited to present my vision of a Dental Education Data Warehouse. Inspired by Marc Triola from NYU, I postulated for dental education that the ‘Dental Education Data Warehouse’ can provide a comprehensive picture of dental students and detailed information on the content of our curricula and assessments including data, such as gathered from simulators, like the haptic MOOG Simodont Dental Trainer or from virtual case presentation software system, like vpSim (aka Synapse Dx). Following Marc’s ideas about medical education, we could use sophisticated learning analytics to model a person’s ‘educational genome’ based about a dental student’s performance, strengths, weaknesses, interests and experiences. Such data analytics could then guide future learning. Here the visualization of such a Dental Education Data Warehouse for “personalized learning”More about the session can be found here.
Recently, the results from the dental curriculum survey were updated to provide dental schools with an internal benchmarking tool that monitors compliance with the CODA Standards and prepares programs for future site visits. The American Dental Association’s Health Policy Institute (HPI) Data Center Dental Education page provides downloadable the public version of this Excel file report. In addition, the HPI under the leadership of Dr. Marko Vujicic has made available an impressive collection of infographics that visualize results of the survey telling a compelling story about:
- – Predoctoral Dental Education Programs: Curriculum Format, Content and Innovations
- – Distribution of Clock Hours of Instruction in Dental Schools by Class Year
- – Student Debt and Careers Choice
- – Dental Hygiene Program Characteristics
- – Dental Hygiene Student Characteristics by Type of Sponsoring Institution
- – Dentistry: A Profession in Transition
- – Graduates of International Dental Schools in the United States
- – Health Insurance Marketplaces Offer a Variety of Dental Benefit Options
- – More than 8 Million Adults Could Gain Dental Benefits through Medicaid Expansion
- – Screening for Chronic Diseases in the Dental Office
While I usually do not click on “sponsored content,” the recent article “The Great Transition” in The Atlantic was an example of a well-designed interactive Infographic for the Web. The graphic let’s you toggle between past, present and future explaining how to save the world from climate change. Each status of the graphic shows an alteration of the energy mix, bringing renewable sources online fast enough to keep up with the demand of a growing global population.
Artist Adam Simpson worked with technologists and journalists to capture and visualize the future of health care. The result is more art than data presentation of infographic, but it is still interesting and worthwhile exploring: http://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/qualcomm/the-space-within/482/
British Association of Oral Surgeons Study Day: Communicate information using different presentation channels
I will travel to Birmingham, UK during the next week to present at the British Association of Oral Surgeons Study Day a series of seminars devoted to scientific communication. To entice prospective participants, I have used the following text: “I will devote the day to how to communicate information using different presentation channels. As we, humans, have started talking before we started writing from an evolutionary perspective, I will start the day with the ins and outs of oral presentations. I will introduce you to practical aspects of information design, with special emphasis on how to tell a compelling story. Humans started to paint after they talked, thus, we will continue by exploring how to present information using posters. A good poster presentation can be an effective way to share the results of your research with your peers in a collegial and nonthreatening atmosphere. I will introduce you to effective poster planning, design and printing, including why posters are distinctly different from papers. Then, humans invented the written word, so we will explore writing as communication channel next, specifically Effective Grant Writing. Whether you apply for a National Institute for Health Research grant or try to get money from the Royal College of Surgeons of England, you need to persuade your peers to provide you with the limited funds available instead of giving the money to someone else. How do you win in this zero-sum game? We will talk about how to prepare a competitive grant application that is “user-friendly” and avoids common pitfalls. Next, Video—video communication came pretty late in human history so we will reserve this for the later part of the day. YouTube has more than 1 billion users; and every day people watch hundreds of millions of hours on YouTube. How can we, as dental educators and clinicians, use video for instructional purposes for our students and for outreach efforts to our patients? How do we protect our patients’ privacy when producing case-study videos? What does it take to produce an instructional video that meets the expectations of our students and residents? As I produce a lot of video, I will share with you the dos and don’ts of video production for health science educators and clinicians. We will look at behind-the-scenes shots and you will receive a step-by-step production guide. As they day progresses, we will continue with the latest in human communication: Social Media. Maybe it is good that we invented social media so late in our history—Andy Borowitz argues that if Michelangelo had Twitter the Sistine chapel ceiling would still be white. Well, we won’t know if this is true. But we will explore social media Marketing for Oral Surgeons. While there seems to be a widespread fear about the use of social media among health care professionals,iphonereplacementscreen there are tremendous opportunities for oral surgeons who use these emerging communication channels. Through outreach and community engagement, oral surgeons cannot only promote their own services, but become community leaders and health advocates. I will share some practical guidelines for social media use and how to avoid common pitfalls. You will learn how to develop your own online medical professionalism principles and standards. We will conclude the day with a potpourri of emerging technologies that are currently under development. You will hear about “an Uber for your teeth” and which gadgets belongs to the Internet of Dental Things. But, we will also discuss new 3D reconstruction technologies, resorbable metals and new bone putty. This session will conclude with what you need to know about the new “Big Data” trend as an oral surgeon.” You can find an introductory video here and the abstract of each presentation was posted here by the BAOS. Credit goes to Bilal Ahmed, BAOS West Midland Rep, who was instrumental to make this event happen. Thanks, Bilal!
John Grimwade is not only the graphics director at Conde Naste Traveler magazine, but runs his own infographic business. He shares on his Website his impressive collection of maps, diagrams and icons. They are clearly superior infographics worth analyzing because of their information content as well as for learning how to communicate complex content using visuals.
According to the Gephi Website, this free open-source graph software is an interactive visualization and exploration platform for all kinds of networks and complex systems,sbiancamento denti dynamic and hierarchical graphs that runs on Windows, Linux and Mac OS X. Features:
- Exploratory Data Analysis: intuition-oriented analysis by networks manipulations in real time.
- Link Analysis: revealing the underlying structures of associations between objects, in particular in scale-free networks.
- Social Network Analysis: easy creation of social data connectors to map community organizations and small-world networks.
- Biological Network analysis: representing patterns of biological data.
- Poster creation: scientific work promotion with hi-quality printable maps.
While the Website shows several examples, I would be curious if someone has used it for more advanced visualization tasks.
This post is not about a cool visualization, but about a call for explaining science combined, potentially, with a visualization. A recent New York Times article by Claudia Dreifus reported about the actor and writer Alan Alda whose mission is to help scientists to communicate to a wider audience. His organization started a contest for scientists to trigger their thinking: “Tell us what a flame is in a way that an 11-year-old can understand. The point was to challenge scientists to explain something difficult in words that were both easy to understand and accurate.” When they started, they received already 6,000 entries, now they are up to 20,000. If you want to participate this year, you need to explain to an 11-year old “What is color?” The deadline is March 1, 2014. The rules for the contest state that “entries can be submitted in writing, as videos, or as graphics. This year, the contest has two categories– Written and Visual – and entries will be judged within their category.” So get your thinking started with that 11-year old in your mind!
Hans Rosling shows in this augmented reality (AR) animation how 200 countries have developed over 200 years in regards to income and health/lifespan. He visualizes 120,000 numbers in just four minutes. This video can be found on YouTube and was posted by the BBC. While a plain table or chart could have displayed the same information, the AR animation is persuasive and a good example of data visualization. Watch the video here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbkSRLYSojo&sns=em
The technology section of the New York Times shows a video titled “Nicholas Felton: A Quantified Life” describing Nicholas Felton’s obsession with data. Fast Company named him one of the 50 most influential designers in America in 2011. Felton is an information designer who used to work at Facebook and has tracked almost every aspect of his life. While somewhat disturbing he makes a good point that, for instance, our grocery stores know more about our habits than we know ourselves. See the blog post “A Life in Data: Nicholas Felton’s Self-Surveillance” to learn more about his methods and visualizations.